Compost is a mix of organic matter such as leaves, brush, kitchen scraps and manure. Composting is the method of speeding up the decomposition process and controlling it to improve the quality of garden soil. This helps plants grow stronger and healthier without the use of synthetic fertilizer.
Add “browns” to your compost such as dry grass and leaves, brush, twigs and wood chips. These provide the necessary carbon. Then add “greens” such as grass clippings and fresh leaves or kitchen scraps to provide nitrogen. Manure is optional.
Meats, fish, oils and dairy products should not be added because they attract animals, break down slowly and make your compost pile smell bad.
As the material decomposes, heat will be generated. Ideal temperatures inside the compost pile should be between 90-160 degrees F. The compost pile also needs to be kept moist but not too wet.
Turn your compost pile weekly during the summer and monthly during the winter to introduce air and help it breakdown more quickly and ready in 3-4 months.
This video was created by Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service in Starr County in collaboration with Gladiator Television Network in Roma, Texas as a part of the Growing and Nourishing Healthy Communities Grant provided by USDA.